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Although up to nine mangrove tree species have been recorded, most of the Madagascar mangrove stands contain six species in four families: Rhizophoracae (Rhizopora mucronata, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza and Ceriops tagal), Avicenniaceae (Avicennia marina), Sonneratiaceae (Sonneratia alba) and Combretaceae (Lumnitzera racemosa).
Other important taxa in the ecoregion are the families Combretaceae and Mimosaceae, which are represented by 34 and 56 tree and shrub species respectively.
The flora of these short-tree shrublands is dominated by species of Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, and Combretaceae, together with Barringtonia acutangula.
The Combretaceae and Leguminosae families are well represented but Acacia spp. are not dominant here as they are in drier woodlands.
It is found perfectly prepared between the bark and the alburnum of a creeper* of the family of the Combretaceae.
These shrubs belong to the three natural families of the Lorantheae, the Combretaceae, and the Pyrenaceae, in which the astringent principle abounds; this principle accompanies gelatin, even in the bark of beech, alder, and nut-trees.