from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A garment and costume worn in France during the revolution, and considered as identified with the revolutionary party.
- n. The wearer of such a dress; any violent revolutionist.
- n. A bombastic report of the successes and glories of the French arms during the revolutionary wars; hence, any bombastic address or document.
My OED also mentions the carmagnole as a peasant jacket, and additionally, from the encyclopedia: The farandole is an open-chain community dance popular in the County of Nice, France.
Now the robbers wore national guard costumes and sang the carmagnole, so the sentinel took them for patriots and went inside.
"How much the greatest event it is that ever happened in the world," cried Fox, with the exaggeration of a man ready to dance the carmagnole, "and how much the best!"
Amongst the personages of a lower class, the most prominent is Toussaint Gilles, landlord of the Cheval Patriote, and son of one of the revolutionary butchers of the Reign of Terror; a furious republican, who wears a _carmagnole_ and a red cap, inherits his father's hatred of the vile aristocrats, and prides himself on his principles, and on a truculent and immeasurable mustache.
This specimen was from Throgg's Neck, and danced the carmagnole in concentric circles all by himself, twisting in and out between the waltzers evidently with the feeling that he was the "whole show," and that the other dancers were merely accessories to the draught he made, and followed in his wake.
Mr. Johnson seems to imagine that the usual method of procedure in Judge Lynch's court is for the mob to trample its victim to death, bray him in a mortar, kerosene him and set him on fire, then dance the carmagnole around his flaming carcass.
The word 'carmagnole' comes from French.