from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- An ancient empire and civilization of western Asia in the upper valley of the Tigris River. In its zenith between the ninth and seventh centuries B.C. the empire extended from the Mediterranean Sea across Arabia and Armenia.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. a Semitic Akkadian kingdom, extant as a nation state from the mid–23rd century BC to 608 BC centred on the Upper Tigris river, in northern Mesopotamia (present day northern Iraq), that came to rule regional empires a number of times through history
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an ancient kingdom in northern Mesopotamia which is in present-day Iraq
From Latin Assyria, from Ancient Greek Ἀσσυρία, from Akkadian 𒀸𒋗𒁺𐎹 (Aššūrāyu), from 𒀸𒋩 (Aššur, "Assur"), its original capital. (Wiktionary)