from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A historical region and former province of southwest France. Settled originally by Basque peoples, it was conquered by the Romans and later by the Visigoths and Franks. A new wave of Basque invaders from south of the Pyrenees established the duchy of Vasconia in the sixth century A.D. In 1052 Gascony passed to the duchy of Aquitaine, and after serving as a major battlefield during the Hundred Years' War, it finally became part of the French royal domain in 1607.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A former region of France that was eliminated during the French revolution.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a region of southwestern France
From Old French Gascoigne, from Gasconia, from Wasconia, from Vasconia from Latin Vascones, plural of Vasco, from Ancient Greek ουασκωνους (ouaskōnous), as used by Strabo in his Geographica (23 CE), Book III. either from αἴξ ("goat") (literally “he-goat people”), or variant of Ausci (from which Aquitan, Occitan, and perhaps related to Euskara). Cognate to Basque (compare to Gascon). (Wiktionary)