from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. An ancient Greek mystery religion arising in the sixth century B.C. from a synthesis of pre-Hellenic beliefs with the Thracian cult of Zagreus and soon becoming mingled with the Eleusinian mysteries and the doctrines of Pythagoras.
- n. A short-lived movement in early 20th-century painting, derived from cubism but marked by a lyrical style and the use of bold color.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A religious movement in antiquity, supposed to have been founded by Orpheus.
- proper n. A minor Cubist art movement focusing on pure abstraction and bright colours.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The mystical system of life and worship embodied in the Orphic poems and practised and inculcated in the Orphic mysteries. See Orphic.
French orphisme, from Orphée, Orpheus, from Greek Orpheus.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Orpheus + -ism; art sense coined by Guillaume Apollinaire. (Wiktionary)