from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of or relating to poetry.
- n. A member of a school of late 19th-century French poets whose work is characterized by detachment and emphasis on metrical form.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Of or pertaining to Parnassus.
- n. Any one of numerous species of butterflies belonging to the genus Parnassius. They inhabit the mountains, both in the Old World and in America.
- n. One of a school of French poets of the Second Empire (1852-70) who emphasized metrical form and made little use of emotion as poetic material; -- so called from the name (Parnasse contemporain) of the volume in which their first poems were collected in 1866.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Pertaining to Mount Parnassus, or to poetry and the Muses, to whom, with Apollo, this region was sacred.
- [lowercase] Resembling or related to the genus Parnassius; belonging to the Parnassiinæ.
- n. A member of the genus Parnassius or the subfamily Parnassiinæ; an Apollo butterfly.
- In England, see the extract.
- n. A member of the Parnassian school.
From Latin Parnassius, of Parnassus, from Greek parnāsios, after Parnāsos (Parnassus), a mountain in Greece sacred to Apollo and the Muses. N., from French parnassien, after Le Parnasse contemporain, the group's first anthology of poetry (1866), from Parnasse, Parnassus, from Latin Parnassus, from Greek Parnāsos.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)