from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A member of a priestly, aristocratic Jewish sect founded in the second century B.C. that accepted only the written Mosaic law and that ceased to exist after the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A member of an ancient Jewish sect possibly formed as a political party in the 2nd century BCE and existed until around the 1st century CE.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. One of a sect among the ancient Jews, who denied the resurrection, a future state, and the existence of angels.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An adherent of a skeptical school of Judaism in the time of Christ, which denied the immortality of the soul, the existence of angels, and the authority of the historical and poetical books of the Old Testament and of the oral tradition on which Pharisaic doctrine was largely founded.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a member of an ancient Jewish sect around the time of Jesus; opposed to the Pharisees
Middle English Saducee, from Old English Sadducēas, Sadducees, from Late Latin Sadducaeī, from Greek Saddoukaioi, from Mishnaic Hebrew ṣədûqî, after ṣādôq, Zadok, high priest in the time of David and Solomon, from ṣādôq, just, righteous, from ṣādaq, to be just; see ṣdq in Semitic roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Possibly, from Hebrew צדוקי (ts'dokí, "Sadducee"), whence also Zadokites or other variants. (Wiktionary)