from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A country of west-central Europe. The region was conquered by Germanic tribes in the 5th century and by Swabia and Burgundy in the 9th, becoming part of the Holy Roman Empire in 1033. Protesting Hapsburg control in the 13th century, the Swiss formed a defense league made up of cantons that became the basis of their confederation, and by 1499 they had achieved independence. The Reformation in the 16th century led to religious civil wars that lasted through the next two centuries. The French took brief control of Switzerland during the French Revolution, but the confederacy was restored in 1815. Switzerland later adopted a federal constitution (1848) and maintained a policy of neutrality through both World Wars. Bern is the capital and Zurich the largest city. Population: 7,550,000.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A sovereign country in south central Europe. Official name: Swiss Confederation.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a landlocked federal republic in central Europe
Compound of Switzer + land, adopted in the 16th century from Early Modern German Schwytzerland "land of the Swiss". (Wiktionary)