from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A historical region of western Romania bounded by the Transylvanian Alps and the Carpathian Mountains. Part of the Roman province of Dacia after A.D. 107, it was later overrun by Germanic peoples and came under Hungarian rule in 1003. Transylvania passed to various powers over the following centuries and finally became part of modern-day Romania after World War II.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A region in the west of Romania.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a historical plateau region in northwestern Romania that is separated from the rest of the country by the Transylvanian Alps; originally part of Hungary; incorporated into Romania at the end of World War I
From the Latin preposition trans (meaning "across") + silvam, the accusative singular of silva meaning "forest". Meaning "across the forest". (Wiktionary)