from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To inflict severe punishment on. See Synonyms at punish.
- transitive v. To criticize severely.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To punish severely; to criticize severely; to reprimand severely.
- v. To revise or make corrections to a publication.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To punish by stripes; to chastise by blows; to chasten; also, to chastise verbally; to reprove; to criticise severely.
- transitive v. To emend; to correct.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To chastise; punish by stripes; correct or punish, in general.
- To subject to a severe and critical scrutiny; criticize for the purpose of correcting; emend: as, to castigate the text of an author.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. censure severely
- v. inflict severe punishment on
Latin castīgāre, castīgāt-, from castus, pure; see kes- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Early 17th cent., from Latin castīgātus, past participle of castīgō ("I reprove"), from castus ("pure, chaste"), from Proto-Indo-European *kesa (“cut”) . (Wiktionary)