from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. One of the 6,000 citizens chosen each year in ancient Athens to sit in the law courts, with functions resembling those of a judge and juror.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A juror in ancient Athens.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A functionary in ancient Athens resembling closely to the modern juryman.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In ancient Athens, one of 6,000 citizens who were chosen by lot annually to sit as judges, in greater or less number according to the importance of the case, and whose functions corresponded to those of the modern juryman and judge combined.
Greek dikastēs, judge, from dikazein, to judge, from dikē, right, custom; see deik- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Ancient Greek (Wiktionary)