from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To enclose or encase completely with or as if with a covering: "Accompanying the darkness, a stillness envelops the city” ( Curtis Wilkie).
- transitive v. To attack (an enemy's flank).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To surround or enclose.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To put a covering about; to wrap up or in; to inclose within a case, wrapper, integument or the like; to surround entirely
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To cover, as by wrapping or folding; inwrap; invest with or as with a covering; surround entirely; cover on all sides.
- To form a covering about; lie around and conceal.
- To line; cover on the inside.
- Synonyms To encircle, encompass, infold, wrap up.
- n. A wrapper; an inclosing cover; an integument: as, the envelop of a seed. Specifically
- n. A prepared wrapper for a letter or other paper, so made that it can be sealed.
- n. In fortification, a work of earth in form of a parapet, or of a small rampart with a parapet, raised to cover some weak part of the works.
- n. In astronomy, a shell partly surrounding the nucleus of a comet on the side next the sun and away from the tail, and appearing like a semicircular arch.
- n. In geometry, a curve or surface touching a continuous series of curves or surfaces.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering
Middle English envolupen, to be involved in, from Old French envoluper, envoloper : en-, in; see en-1 + voloper, to wrap up.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English envolupen, from Old French envoluper (modern French envelopper), from en- "in" + voloper, vloper "to wrap, wrap up" (compare Italian -viluppare; Old Italian alternate form goluppare "to wrap") from Vulgar Latin base *vlopp-, *wlopp- "to wrap" from Proto-Germanic *wrappan-, *wlappan- (“to wrap, roll up, turn, wind”), from Proto-Indo-European *werb- (“to turn, bend”) . Akin to Middle English wlappen ("to wrap, fold") (Modern English lap "to wrap, involve, fold"), Middle English wrappen ("to wrap"), Middle Dutch lappen ("to wrap up, embrace"), Danish dialectal vravle "to wind, twist", Middle Low German wrempen "to wrinkle, distort", Old English wearp ("warp"). More at in, wrap (Wiktionary)