from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of or relating to a language, such as Georgian, in which the subject of an intransitive verb and the object of a transitive verb is expressed by one grammatical case, and the subject of a transitive verb is expressed by another.
- adj. Of or relating to the grammatical case of the subject of a transitive verb in such a language.
- n. The ergative case.
- n. An ergative inflection.
- n. A nominal having an ergative form.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Used of various situations where the subject of transitive constructions have different grammatical cases or thematic relations to those of intransitive constructions.
- n. the ergative case
- n. an ergative verb or other expression
From Greek ergatēs, worker, from ergon, work; see werg- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From the Ancient Greek ἐργάτης (ergatēs, "worker"), from ἔργον (ergon, "work"). (Wiktionary)