from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A lengthening of the simple vowels a, i, e, by prefixing an a element, mainly in Sanskrit.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. In Sanskrit grammar, a lengthening of the simple vowels a, i, e, by prefixing an a element. The term is sometimes used to denote the same vowel change in other languages.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In Skt. gram., the changing of i and ī to ē, u and ū to ō, ri and rī to ar, by compounding them with a prefixed â—that is, â + i = ē, and so on. The term is also sometimes used in regard to similar changes in other languages.
- n. In the Sankhya philos. of India, one of the three constituents of the primal matter out of which the world is evolved. See the extract.
From Sanskrit, meaning "quality". (Wiktionary)