from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A literary movement in early twentieth-century Russia, reacting against symbolism and concerned with greater immediacy in poetic language.
Elisheva was raised on the poetic schools of Futurism and Acmeism, which developed in Russia in the early twentieth century, supplanting the Russian Symbolist movement of the late nineteenth century.
The early Mandel'shtam is Acmeism, nostalgia for world culture, poems about cathedrals, Beethoven and Bach, the classicist poetics of literary allusions.
Acmeism was essentially a reaction against the symbolist movement in Russian poetry, a movement that tended, as such things do in Russia, to extremes, in this case extremes of uplift, mysticism, apocalypse.
Acmeism by contrast was concerned with poetry as architecture, and poems as objects of weight and mass-produced as if in a workshop (the poets 'guild or workshop was one of the group's other names for itself).