from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. The civilization associated with Rome from the 9th century BC to the 12th century AD and the Roman Empire centered on it


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • Macaulay is, perhaps less rightly, another object of national worship; yet Arnold denounced the “confident shallowness which makes him so admired by public speakers and leading-article writers, and so intolerable to all searchers for truth”; and frankly avowed that to his mind “a man's power to detect the ring of false metal in the Lays of Ancient Rome was a good measure of his fitness to give an opinion about poetical matters at all.”

    Matthew Arnold

  • Also useful is Zvi Yavetz, Slaves and Slavery in Ancient Rome New Brunswick, N.J.

    The Spartacus War

  • History of Ancient Rome (1855), and, along with R. Scott, published a Greek – English Lexicon (1843).

    A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature

  • You can recite Macaulay’s Lays of Ancient Rome to a game of Ping-Pong.


  • The little book by Michael Massey and Paul Moreland, Slavery in Ancient Rome London: Bristol Classical Press, 2001, is also a good start.

    The Spartacus War

  • Other valuable books on gladiators and their place in Roman society and culture include Donald G. Kyle, Spectacles of Death in Ancient Rome (London and New York: Routledge, 1998); and Thomas Wiedemann, Emperors & Gladiators (London and New York: Routledge, 1992).

    The Spartacus War


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