from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- Aristarchus of Samos fl. 270 B.C. Greek astronomer who was among the first to propose that the sun is the center of the universe and that the earth moves around the sun.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an ancient Greek astronomer who was one of the first to propose a heliocentric theory of the universe (circa 270 BC)
Sorry, no etymologies found.
This Aristarchus of Samos is also the more to be suspected, as Plutarch accuses him of bigotry and malevolent hypocrisy, in consequence of being imbued with a direct contrary opinion.
The heliocentric system was certainly pronounced and defended by Aristarchus of Samos, although his writings are lost, and known only through Archimedes, whose works were published a year after Copernicus's death (Basle, 1544).
This remarkable bit of testimony establishes beyond question the position of Aristarchus of Samos as the Copernicus of antiquity.
The system of the world, as Canon Copernicus taught in the last century, following the doctrines of Aristarchus of Samos and
Syracuse, and Aristarchus of Samos, as being among the first to promote the doctrine of the Earth's movement.
"Of course a philosopher could have come up with the formulation that God is Love without the assistance of the Gospel According to Saint John, just as Aristarchus of Samos could draw up the heliocentric hypothesis without the assistance of a telescope."
The Greek astronomer and mathematician Aristarchus of Samos (ca. 310-230 BC) compared the Earth-to-Sun distance with the Earth-to-Moon distance and figured the former to be twenty times the latter.
Archimedes wrote that Aristarchus of Samos actually proposed that the earth rotated daily and revolved around the sun. [