from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • An inlet of the Tasman Sea in southeast Australia south of Sydney. It was visited by Capt. James Cook in 1770 and named by Sir Joseph Banks, the botanist in his crew, for the exotic flora found on its shores. The first British penal colony in Australia was established here briefly in 1788 before relocating to present-day Sydney.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • A harbor on the east coast of Australia, and an English convict settlement there; -- so called from the number of new plants found on its shore at its discovery by Cook in 1770.
  • (Med.) an astringent, reddish substance consisting of the inspissated juice of several Australian species of Eucalyptus.
  • (Med.) a resin of reddish yellow color, resembling gamboge, the product of different Australian species of Xanthorrhæa, esp. the grass tree (Xanthorrhæa hastilis).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun geography A bay in New South Wales, south of Sydney Cove, Australia; the site of a landing by explorer Captain James Cook and later of the First Fleet, and originally planned to be the site of the first penal colony in Australia.
  • proper noun The penal colony, actually established at Sydney Cove, which developed into the now city of Sydney.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Named by explorer James Cook for the variety of plants observed near the shore.


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