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  • noun Plural form of Humean.


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  • Humeans about laws believe that what laws there are is a matter of what patterns are there to be discerned in the overall mosaic of events that happen in the history of the world.

    Causal Determinism

  • As with the Humeans, this does not mean that concerns about human free action are automatically resolved; instead, they must be addressed afresh in the light of whatever account of physical nature without laws is put forward.

    Causal Determinism

  • The foregoing discussion does not, of course, cover every argument that has been offered in the longstanding debate between Humeans and anti-Humeans, just a few of the ones that philosophers have evidently found most persuasive.

    Moral Motivation

  • Humeans often took this distinction between beliefs and desires not only to imply that beliefs alone cannot motivate action, but also that desires are not open to similar rational criticism as beliefs.


  • Yet Humeans would insist that there is nothing straightforward about attempts to explain moral motivation and action in terms of beliefs; just recall the argument for Humeanism based on differences in

    Moral Motivation

  • On the positive side, Anti-Humeans sometimes appeal to the phenomenology of moral motivation, arguing that it supports their view.

    Moral Motivation

  • Precisely how and under what conditions moral belief can itself motivate is a matter of dispute among anti-Humeans.

    Moral Motivation

  • Russell, and Humeans in general, take it for granted that all perceptions, being distinct “may be conceiv'd as separately existent, and may exist separately, without any contradiction or absurdity.”

    Neutral Monism

  • The number of non-Humeans about laws and the number of self-proclaimed naturalists were also surprising.

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  • Therefore, Humeans conclude, preferences can only be criticised if they are extrinsic ” i.e. are instrumentally derived from other preferences on the basis of beliefs ” or inconsistent.



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