Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • An ancient region of Transcaucasia roughly equivalent to the present-day Republic of Georgia. Iberia was allied to Rome and later ruled by a Persian dynasty. It became a Byzantine province in the sixth century A.D.
  • See Iberian Peninsula.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. The region of Europe south of the Pyrenees, consisting of Andorra, Spain, Portugal, and Gibraltar.
  • proper n. Antic and Byzantine name of the ancient Georgian kingdom of Kartli located east of Colchis, corresponding roughly to the eastern parts of present-day Georgia.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an ancient geographical region to the south of the Caucasus Mountains that corresponded approximately to the present-day Georgia
  • n. a peninsula in southwestern Europe

Etymologies

From Latin Iberia, from Ancient Greek Ἰβηρία (Ibēria), after the river Ἴβηρος (Ibēros), which itself came from a native Ibero-Celtic name for the river *Ibēr (modern Spanish Ebro). (Wiktionary)

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