from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A specific language, spoken in Northern Germany and the Netherlands and formerly widely spoken in Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Kaliningrad, Russia, which developed out of Middle Low German from Old Saxon.
  • proper n. Any of a number of West Germanic languages, primarily spoken in northern Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium, that did not undergo the High German consonant shift; the group thereof.
  • proper n. Any German dialect that is not the official standard, although they are usually only referred to as "Platt".

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. etc. See under German, Latin, etc.
  • n. the language of Northern Germany and the Netherlands, -- including Friesic; Anglo-Saxon or Saxon; Old Saxon; Dutch or Low Dutch, with its dialect, Flemish; and Plattdeutsch (called also Low German), spoken in many dialects.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Or or pertaining to the language known as Low German (see German); also, in philology, applied to that class of tongues of which Low German is a member, and which includes in addition Dutch, Flemish, Friesic, Old Saxon, Anglo-Saxon, and English.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a German dialect spoken in northern Germany


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