from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- Plato 427?-347? B.C. Greek philosopher. A follower of Socrates, he presented his ideas through dramatic dialogues, in the most celebrated of which (The Republic) the interlocutors advocate a utopian society ruled by philosophers trained in Platonic metaphysics. He taught and wrote for much of his life at the Academy, which he founded near Athens in 386.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. Greek philosopher, 427-347 BC, follower of Socrates.
- proper n. A male given name.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. ancient Athenian philosopher; pupil of Socrates; teacher of Aristotle (428-347 BC)
Socrates is similar to Plato by the very fact that Socrates is white and Plato is white ¦ Yet, despite this, the intellect can express these many absolute things by means of concepts in diverse ways: in one way, by means of an absolute concept, as when one says simply ˜Socrates is white™ or ˜Plato is white™; in a second way, by means of a relative concept, as when one says ˜Socrates is similar to Plato with respect to whiteness™.
Though the greater part of Plato is entirely consonant with Socratic irony and skepticism.
That human faculty for discovering the truth was called synderesis by St. Paul, a term found also in Plato's Timaeus.
One solution, that might be traced to the expression "philosopher-king" associated with Plato, is to hand the reins of government to the best and the brightest.
Judged solely in terms of his philosophical influence, only Plato is his peer: Aristotle's works shaped centuries of philosophy from Late Antiquity through the Renaissance, and even today continue to be studied with keen, non-antiquarian interest.
Is it only a shadow, like the shadows in Plato's cave?
Plato is definitely easier to understand than Aristotle – at least the one work by Aristotle that I read.
Plato is the funniest, best writer I ever read: and he lived 2500 years ago.
(I assume for the moment a Theory of Ideas in Plato, tho that is by no means uncontroversial.)
It can be found in Plato, and it was nicely articulated by the 18th-century Scottish philosopher David Hume, who wrote, “I cannot compare the soul more properly to any thing than to a republic or commonwealth, in which the several members are united by the reciprocal ties of government and subordination.”