Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A member of a Western Christian church whose faith and practice are founded on the principles of the Reformation, especially in the acceptance of the Bible as the sole source of revelation, in justification by faith alone, and in the universal priesthood of all the believers.
  • n. A member of a Western Christian church adhering to the theologies of Luther, Calvin, or Zwingli.
  • n. One of the German princes and cities that supported the doctrines of Luther and protested against the decision of the second Diet of Speyer (1529) to enforce the Edict of Worms (1521) and deny toleration to Lutherans.
  • n. One who makes a declaration or avowal.
  • adj. Of or relating to Protestants or Protestantism.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. Any of several denominations of Christianity that separated from the Roman Catholic Church based on theological or political differences during the Reformation.
  • proper n. Someone who is a member of such a denomination.
  • proper n. A modern Christian denomination not belonging to the Catholic or Orthodox traditions.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One who protests; -- originally applied to those who adhered to Luther, and protested against, or made a solemn declaration of dissent from, a decree of the Emperor Charles V. and the Diet of Spires, in 1529, against the Reformers, and appealed to a general council; -- now used in a popular sense to designate any Christian who does not belong to the Roman Catholic or the Greek Church.
  • adj. Making a protest; protesting.
  • adj. Of or pertaining to the faith and practice of those Christians who reject the authority of the Roman Catholic Church.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Protesting; making a protest.
  • [capitalized] Of or pertaining to Protestants or their doctrines or forms of religion.
  • n. One who protests; one who makes protestation.
  • n. [capitalized] A member or an adherent of one of those Christian bodies which are descended from the Reformation of the sixteenth century: in general language, opposed to Roman Catholic and Greek.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an adherent of Protestantism
  • n. the Protestant churches and denominations collectively
  • adj. of or relating to Protestants or Protestantism
  • adj. protesting

Etymologies

French, from German, from Latin prōtestāns, prōtestant-, present participle of prōtestārī, to protest; see protest.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From French protestant. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • If so, I would expect to see it reflected in other, related usages, such as bible for Bible, or protestant for Protestant.

    On Christian vs christian

  • It was to protect the protestant minority of Lower Canada that this system, Catholic in Ontario, Protestant in Quebec, was adopted on

    Catholic Problems in Western Canada

  • There must still be, according to the "Agenda, annuaire protestant", more than 150 in existence, but the majority have only a restricted circulation, and, excepting the "Bulletin historique et littéraire de la société de l'histoire du protestantisme français" (1852), are practically without readers outside of the Protestant world.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 7: Gregory XII-Infallability

  • Although we cannot say that Scotland is a more PROTESTANT nation than it was in past days, still religious differences, and strong prejudices, seem at the present time to draw a more decided line of separation between the priest and his Protestant countrymen.

    Reminiscences of Scottish Life and Character

  • Protestant temple, which continues to be frequented by the inhabitants; the _Annuaire Protestant_ for 1868-70, stating the

    The Huguenots in France

  • Protestant or Reformed: the term Protestant lays more stress on antagonism to Rome; the term Reformed emphasizes adherence to any of the Reformers.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 12: Philip II-Reuss

  • You hold to the Trinitarian doctrine only because the Catholic Church told you to, not because you and every other Protestant is a brilliant scriptural scholar and mystic able to discern the Truth for himself.

    A Response to Mir

  • The word Protestant is also made from two Latin words, pro, "publicly," and testari, "to bear witness."

    An Island Story: A History of England for Boys and Girls

  • That the government of Ireland by what he called a Protestant

    The Life of Froude

  • Rossetti's attitude towards spiritual things was exactly the reverse of what we call Protestant ....

    A History of English Romanticism in the Nineteenth Century

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