from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun A taxonomic genus within the family Accipitridae.


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  • The powerful eagles Spizaetus tyrannus, Morphnus guianensis and Harpia harpyja, the critically endangered blue knobbed curassow Crax alberti, six species of macaws Ara ambigua, A. militaris, A. ararauna, A. macao, A. chloroptera, and A. severa, among others.

    Magdalena-Urabá moist forests 2008

  • The 84 bird species currently identified in the core zone include one pair of Japanese golden eagles Aquila chrysaetos japonica, three nesting pairs of black woodpecker Dryocopus martius, both of which are designated as Natural Monument and Special Bird species due to their rarity, one pair of mountain hawk-eagle Spizaetus nipalensis orientalis, also a Special Bird species and the rare harlequin duck Histrionicus histrionicus.

    Shirakami-sanchi (Shirakami mountains), Japan 2009

  • Two bird species in the ecoregion are considered threatened: the Javan hawk-eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi) (endangered) and the Javan scops-owl (Otus angelinae) (vulnerable).

    Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests 2008

  • Of these, nine bird species are found nowhere else on Earth and four are threatened, including the endangered Javan hawk-eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi) and the vulnerable volcano swiftlet (Collocalia [Aerodramus] vulcanorum), Javan cochoa (Cochoa azurea), and Javan scops-owl (Otus angelinae).

    Western Java montane rain forests 2008

  • Changeable hawk eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus), India.

    Deccan thorn scrub forests 2008

  • Bird surveys have recorded 306 species, including black-hawk eagle Spizaetus tyrannus, ocellated crake Micropygia schomburgii, greater rhea Rhea americana, Brazilian merganser Mergus octocetaceus (CR) and dwarf tinamu Taoniscus nanus (VU).

    Cerrado Protected Areas, Brazil 2008

  • Included are the critically endangered Bali starling (Leucopsar rothschildi) and the endangered Javan hawk eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi).

    Eastern Java-Bali rain forests 2008

  • The avifauna comprises 333 species, representing 63 of the 74 families in Guatemala, and includes ocellated turkey Agriocharis ocellata (LR), Sarcorhamphus papa, Crax rubra, Penelope purpurascens, red macaw Ara macao, jaribu stork Jaribu mycteria and many others, including crested eagle Spizaetus ornatus.

    Tikal National Park, Guatemala 2008

  • Native species include the Bali starling (Leucopsar rothschildi, CR), a species endemic to Bali island and whose wild population fell to only six birds in 2001 due largely to trapping for the illegal cage-bird trade, and the Javan hawk-eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi, EN), estimated to number around 300-450 surviving pairs.

    Biological diversity in Sundaland 2008

  • Black hawk-eagle (Spizaetus tyrannus), masked duck (Oxyura dominica), king vulture (Sarcoramphus papa) and crane hawk (Geranospiza caerulescens) are all resident species that are considered rare according to the IUCN red list.

    Usumacinta mangroves 2007


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