from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun A taxonomic genus within the family Thraupidae.


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  • Birds found here and in only few other places include white-bellied seedeaters Sporophila leucoptera, grassland yellow-finches Sicalis luteola, chalk-browed mockingbirds Mimus saturninus, tropical peewees Contopus cinereus, rufous-throated antbirds Gymnopithys rufigula, black-breasted puffbirds Notharchus pectoralis, and plain-bellied emeralds Amazilia leucogaster.

    Marajó varzea 2008

  • Other birds sometimes seen here include the black-faced hawk Leucopternis melanops, red-shouldered macaw Diopsittaca nobilis, painted parakeet Pyrrhura picta and savannah seedeaters Sporophila spp.

    Canaima National Park, Venezuela 2009

  • Restricted-range avifauna found in the southern part of the Humid Chaco and other ecoregions in the area include the endangered marsh seedeater (Sporphila palustris), the threatened Entre Ríos seedater (Sporophila zelichi) and the chesnut seedeater (Sporophila cinnamomea).

    Humid Chaco 2008

  • The black-hooded antwren (Myrmotherula urosticta), Bahia tapaculo (Scytalopus psychopompus) and Dubois 'seed-eater (Sporophila falcirostris) are just a few restricted range species that utilize the mangroves in this area.

    Bahia mangroves 2008

  • This unique forest shelters a critically endangered reptile (Caiman latirostris); one endangered bird (Sporophila nigrofufa) and at least three mammals (Priodontes maximus, Chrysocyon brachyurus and Pteronura brasiliensis) and three birds, one reptile and 12 mammals in a vulnerable status.

    Chiquitano dry forests 2008

  • The park has populations of 20 open habitat bird species that are considered to be endangered, including hyacinth macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus (VU), rufous-sided pygmy-tirant Euscarthmus rufomarginatus (VU), black-bellied seedeater Sporophila hypochroma (NT) and black-and-tawny seedeater Sporophila nigrorufa (EN).

    Noel Kempff Mercado National Park, Bolivia 2008

  • Sporophila zelichi and S. palustris are threatened because of habitat destruction, as well as trapping.

    Uruguayan savanna 2007

  • Near-endemic birds that utilize this ecoregion as well as the Humid Pampas and Southern Cone Mesopotamian savannas ecoregions include two threatened species: marsh seedeater (Sporophila palustris), Entre Ríos seedeater (S. zelichi), and one near threatened species: chestnut seedeater (S. cinnamomea).

    Uruguayan savanna 2007

  • Other important birds are lesser seed-finch (Oryzoborus angolensis), ruddy-breasted seedeater (Sporaphila minuta), slate-colored seedeater (Sporophila schistacea), Guianan piculet (Picumnus minutissimus), blood-coloured woodpecker (Veniliornis sanguineus), and the crimson-hooded manakin (Pipra aureola).

    Paramaribo swamp forests 2008

  • Threatened species include lesser nothura Nothura minor (VU), dwarf tinamou Taoniscus nanus (VU), Brazilian merganser Mergus octosetacues (CR), yellow-faced amazon Amazona zanthops (VU), white-winged nightjar Caprimulgus candicans (EN), rufous-sided pygmy-tyrant Euscarthmus rufomarginatus (VU), cineous warbling finch Poospiza cinerea (VU), marsh seedeater Sporophila palustris (EN), and black-masked finch Coryphaspiza melanotis (VU).

    Cerrado Protected Areas, Brazil 2008


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