Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • Formerly Cey·lon (sĭ-lŏnˈ, sā-)Sri Lanka An island country in the Indian Ocean off southeast India. Inhabited originally by the Vedda, the island was later invaded by the Singhalese (6th century B.C.) and the Tamil (11th and 12th centuries A.D.). The lucrative spice trade on the island was controlled successively by Arab, Portuguese, Dutch, and British traders from the 12th century. It became a British colony in 1798 and achieved independence in 1948. In 1972 the island was declared a republic, and it adopted the Singhalese name of Sri Lanka. Colombo is the capital and the largest city. Population: 20,900,000.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. Country in South Asia. Official name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a republic on the island of Ceylon; became independent of the United Kingdom in 1948

Etymologies

From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (śrī laṃkā), from Sanskrit श्री (śrī, "holy") and लंका (lankā, "island"). (Wiktionary)

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