from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun A taxonomic genus within the subfamily Sterculioideae — certain foul-smelling tropical and subtropical plants.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin Sterculius ("Roman god of manure")


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  • Tropical deciduous (monsoon) forest occurs along the bases of hills and on valley bottoms, characterized by tree species such as Sterculia foedita, Oroxylum indicum, Tamarindus indica, Zizyphus horsfeldi, Schleichera oleosa, Cassia javanica, Murraya paniculata, Diospyros javanica, Harrisonia brownii and Piliostigma malabaricum.

    Komodo National Park, Indonesia

  • In the tropical semi-evergreen forests common trees and shrubs are Albizia procera, Duabanga grandiflora, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Crateva unilocularis, Sterculia urens, Grewia serrulata, Mallotus philippensis, Bridelia retusa, Aphania rubra, Leea indica and L. umbraculifera.

    Kaziranga National Park, India

  • Triplochiton, Commiphora, Entandrophragma and Sterculia spp. grow on the talus in the gorge.

    Mosi-oa-Tunya Victoria Falls, Zambia

  • Originally, this community comprised baobab Adansonia digitata and several species of Ficus, Sterculia, Khaya, and Albizzia.

    Lake Malawi National Park, Malawi

  • Dense dry thicket and scrub forest are the typical woodland physiognomies, with Sterculia setigera, Euphorbia conspicua, Strychnos spp.,

    Angolan scarp savanna and woodlands

  • Below 1,000 meters (m) the common tree species include Sterculia foetida and Calophyllum teysmannii (both of which produce oil-bearing seeds) and Aleurites moluccana.

    Timor and Wetar deciduous forests

  • The deciduous species are Pterocarpus indicus, Antiais toxicaria (Moraceae), Ficus spp., and Sterculia spp.

    Solomon Islands rain forests

  • Dominant trees include Tamarindus indica and Sterculia foetida.

    Lesser Sundas deciduous forests

  • Myristica sebifera, Sterculia apetala, and Vitex cymosa.

    Beni savanna

  • Species listed include Afzelia bipindensis (V), Anthonotha ferruginea and Piptandeniastrum africanum (V) in the Leguminosae, Sterculia oblonga and Triplochiton scleroxylon (V) in the Sterculiaceae, rouge Entandrophragma sp.,

    Dja Faunal Reserve, Cameroon


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