from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A principal philosophy and system of religion of China based on the teachings of Lao-tzu in the sixth century B.C. and on subsequent revelations. It advocates preserving and restoring the Tao in the body and the cosmos.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a Chinese mystical philosophy traditionally founded by Lao-tzu in the 6th century B.C. that teaches conformity to the tao by unassertive action and simplicity
- n. a religion developed from Taoist philosophy and folk and Buddhist religion and concerned with obtaining long life and good fortune often by magical means
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. One of the popular religions of China, sanctioned by the state.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The doctrine of Laotsze, an ancient Chinese philosopher (about 500 b. c.), as laid down by him in the Tao-teking. It is generally reckoned as one of the three religions of China.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. philosophical system developed by Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
- n. a Chinese sect claiming to follow the teaching of Lao-tzu but incorporating pantheism and sorcery in addition to Taoism
- n. religion adhering to the teaching of Lao-tzu
- n. popular Chinese philosophical system based in teachings of Lao-tzu but characterized by a pantheism of many gods and the practices of alchemy and divination and magic
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The universe in Taoism is perceived as vast, amorphous, and ever changing.
As for your views about religion as a control mechanism, on the one hand, you abstract from every real religion Taoism is characterized by many varied superstitions, such as the search for physical immortality, not the empty throne you impute to me, for instance.
Taoism is even less pessimistic, accepting the good with the bad, recognising the joy as well as the suffering.
The point of Taoism is not to get to the end of the path so we can wash the dust off our bodies, wash the bodies off our souls, wash our souls away into peace.
Cultural attitudes towards oral sex range from disgust to reverence: in Ancient Rome, fellatio was considered profoundly taboo, whereas in Chinese Taoism, cunnilingus is revered as a spiritually fulfilling practice that is believed to enhance longevity.
Gods are an important part of Taoism, which is based on the worship of the Tao, or Way, the primordial life force that unites humans and nature and is the DNA of Chinese culture.
For example, Leo-Tse, was the founder of the ancient Chinese religion called Taoism Tao means "the way" or "the right way".
Therefore, Chinese historians often refer to Taoism as Huang Lao Tao, the ‘Way of the Yellow Emperor and the Old Sage’.
Tzu, who lived nobody knows when, -- probably about B.C. 600 -- which is popularly known as Taoism, from Tao, the omnipresent, omnipotent, and unthinkable principle on which it is based, operated with Confucianism, though in an opposite direction, in dislimning the old faith while putting nothing satisfactory in its place.
There's a wonderful philosophy of life called Taoism that first developed among poorer, rural folks who read the seasons as we might read our morning newspaper.