from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- An island of northeast Russia in the Arctic Ocean northwest of the Bering Strait. It is named in honor of Ferdinand Petrovich von Wrangel (1796–1870), a Russian explorer who made an unsuccessful attempt to locate the island (1820–1824).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- proper noun an island in
Russiain the Arctic Ocean, between the Chukchi Seaand East Siberian Sea.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
However, species concentrated in small areas such as Wrangel Island are particularly at risk from any future climate warming and species invasion.
Northward expansion of dwarf-shrub and tree-dominated vegetation into an area such as Wrangel Island that is rich in rare endemic species could possibly result in the loss of many plant species.
'World Heritage Sites' (Firefly Books, 2011) takes readers on a tour of the planet's highlights, from the famous (Egypt's pyramids) to the more far-flung (the Wrangel Island reserve in the Arctic, home to many walruses and ancestral polar-bear dens).
In September he traveled to a nature reserve on Wrangel Island, about five hours by boat across the East Siberia Sea, and brought back six 4-month-old musk oxen.
By comparing 19 different populations of three rhizomatous Carex taxa, distributed among 16 sites within arctic Eurasia, ranging from northern Scandinavia in the west to Wrangel Island in the east, Stenström et al.  showed that the levels of genetic variation were not related to climate, but were to a large extent explained by differences in glaciation history at the sampling sites.
The traditional view that there are few rare and endemic arctic plant species is challenged by recent studies of the flora of Wrangel Island and Beringia (Table 7.14) but it is not known to what degree plant taxonomy is problematic (although the Pan Arctic Flora project is addressing this problem).
Increases in wild reindeer, snow sheep, and large predators with decline in reindeer herding, muskoxen on Wrangel Island increasing
Some lemming populations show geographic variation in the cycle period within arctic Siberia; and also (for example) exhibit a long period (5 years on Wrangel Island) and a relatively short period (3 years in Taymir) between peak population years .
Major decline in reindeer herding, movement of Chukchi to the coasts, poor economy, and low extractive resource potential results in greatly reduced threats to wildlife inland from the coasts, increased pressure on marine mammals for subsistence Reserves: Wrangel Island 22,256 km2, Magadansky 8,838 km2, Beringia International Park – proposed but little political support
Twenty-four species are found on Wrangel Island .