from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • A river of central Russia flowing about 4,090 km (2,540 mi) westward and generally north to the Kara Sea through Yenisey Bay, a long estuary.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun Alternative spelling of Yenisei.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a Russian river in Siberia; rises in mountains near the Mongolian border and flows generally northward into the Kara Sea


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  • The Arctic has some of the largest rivers in the world (e.g., the Lena, Mackenzie, Ob, and Yenisey); numerous permanent and semi-permanent streams and rivers draining mountains, highlands, and glaciated areas; large lakes such as Great Bear, Great Slave, and Taymir; a myriad of smaller permanent and semi-permanent lakes and ponds; vast areas of wetlands and peatlands; and coastal estuarine and river delta habitats.

    Introduction to freshwater ecosystems and fisheries in the Arctic

  • Several species in the Yenisey and Lena Rivers that prefer warmer boreal-plain habitats (e.g., roach, ide, common dace – Leuciscus leuciscus baicalensis, European perch, and ruffe – Gymnocephalus cernuus) are likely to move into the northern mouth areas of these rivers that are currently dominated by whitefishes and chars.

    Climate change effects on arctic freshwater fish populations

  • Shiklomanov A. [38] projected the impact of climate change on the annual and seasonal discharges of the rivers in the Yenisey drainage basin using a number of GCM scenarios and paleoclimate reconstructions as input to the detailed hydrological model developed by the State Hydrological Institute (Russia) (Table 6.13).

    Freshwater discharge in the Arctic

  • Locations of tree samples along the Central Siberia IGBP transect (Yenisey meridian).

    Direct climate effects on tree growth in the Arctic

  • A weaker but still significant trend toward earlier freeze-up dates was found for portions of rivers (e.g., the Yenisey and Lena) in central and eastern Siberia [31].

    River and lake ice in the Arctic

  • The largest Siberian river basins (e.g., the Yenisey and Lena), in which permafrost is widespread, show an increase in runoff despite a decreasing trend in precipitation.

    Freshwater discharge in the Arctic

  • Recent trends of increasing E in the Yenisey and Mackenzie Basins (section 6.2.2) raise the possibility that P-E will actually decrease during the summer when E exceeds P, resulting in a drying of soils during the warm season.

    Precipitation and evapotranspiration in the Arctic

  • Model projections are presented as averages for the Arctic Ocean and for the five largest arctic river basins: the Ob, Yenisey, Pechora, Lena, and Mackenzie.

    Precipitation and evapotranspiration in the Arctic

  • For the period since 1960, the gauge-adjusted and basin-averaged data of Serreze et al. [19] show no discernible trends in mean annual P over the Ob, Yenisey, Lena, and Mackenzie Basins.

    Precipitation and evapotranspiration in the Arctic

  • In particular, earlier rather than later freeze-up dates were found for rivers west of and including the Yenisey, whereas later freeze-up dates were observed for rivers in far eastern Siberia.

    River and lake ice in the Arctic


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