from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of or relating to the grammatical case in ergative languages of the subject of an intransitive verb and the object of a transitive verb.
- n. The absolutive case.
- n. An absolutive inflection.
- n. A nominal having an absolutive form.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of or pertaining to the grammatical case used to indicate the patient or experiencer of a verb’s action.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
But there is another common language type in the world called ergative-absolutive.
Healthy fact-based skepticism is not equal to toxic absolutive skepticism based on petty feeling.
Of course, that all begs the question as to whether the athematic nom. sg. ending *-s and athematic pronominal nom./acc. (better "abs." for absolutive) sg. ending *-d are indeed from postclitic demonstratives/articles, as opposed to coming from some other source(s).
Also when I read Allan Bomhard or other Nostraticists, I try consciously to not get stuck into absolutive thinking and pre-judge people as either 100% kooky or 100% infallible.
It appears that an extra element *-e has been added to this absolutive set at an early stage of PIE, perhaps to use it for transitive verbs by marking it with a dummy object nb.
So I figure the best way to explain that is to propose a suppletive absolutive-ergative system for Nostratic as follows note that my intention is to conjecture for the sake of discussion:
Simply put, Dravidian could have opted to generalize the absolutive pronouns for both agents and patients of actions and thus PDr *yān
As a result, we would expect to see the ergative and absolutive pronouns eventually attached to verbs as affixes in a new subjective-objective conjugation as I believe could have happened in a hypothetical ancestor of Indo-European, Altaic, Uralic-Yukaghir, Chukchi-Kamchatkan, Eskimo-Aleut and Dravidian.
You were wondering where I got that “absolutive participial” from?
This absolutive participial construction now spreading like wildfire through our discourse was brought to my attention by the Floridians Sylvia and Morton Holstein.