Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. One that adapts, such as a device used to effect operative compatibility between different parts of one or more pieces of apparatus.
  • n. Computer Science A hardware device, such as a printed circuit board, that enables a personal computer to use additional peripheral devices or hardware.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. One who is capable of adapting well to differing situations.
  • n. One who adapts a thing, e.g. a play.
  • n. A device or application used to achieve operative compatibility between devices that otherwise are incompatible.
  • n. Specifically, a device that permits two, three, or more plugs to be used at a single electrical power point.
  • n. Specifically, a device that allows one format of plug to be used with a different format of socket.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One who adapts.
  • n. A connecting tube; an adopter.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. One who adapts, or makes an adaptation; specifically, one who translates, remodels, or rearranges a composition or work, rendering it fit to be represented on the stage, as a play from a foreign tongue or from a novel.
  • n. That which adapts; anything that serves the purpose of adapting or adjusting one thing to another. Specifically
  • n. In chem., a receiver with two necks diametrically opposite, one of which admits the neck of a retort, while the other is joined to a second receiver.
  • n. In optics: A metal ring uniting two lengths of a telescope.
  • n. An attachment to a microscope for centering the illuminating apparatus or throwing it out of center. E. H. Knight.
  • n. A means for enabling object-glasses made by different makers, and having different screws, to be fitted to a body not specially adapted to receive them.
  • n. A glass or rubber tube, with ends differing in size, used to connect two other tubes or two pieces of apparatus.
  • n. In photography, an attachment to a camera by means of which plates of sizes other than those for which the camera is designed may be used.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a musician who adapts a composition for particular voices or instruments or for another style of performance
  • n. device that enables something to be used in a way different from that for which it was intended or makes different pieces of apparatus compatible

Etymologies

From adapt +‎ -er. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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