from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of various cytokines produced in acute and chronic inflammation that mobilize and activate white blood cells.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Any of various chemotactic cytokines, produced during inflammation, that organize the leukocytes.


chemo- + (cyto)kine.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)


  • And another thing that's really interesting is that there's this whole -- the way tumors move throughout the body it's a very complex system -- and there's something called the chemokine network.

    Eva Vertes looks to the future of medicine

  • Past research by Dr. Dwinell linked the expression of CXCL12, a protein known as a chemokine, to the inhibiting of breast cancer.


  • Ongoing studies involve the role of chemokine-dependent pathways in graft rejection and tolerance; identification and characterization of costimulatory pathways; manipulation of the NFkB pathway; and development of practical tools to enhance the function of regulatory T cells, so as to improve outcomes post-transplant; further details are available.

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  • We will also pursue further studies delineating immediate early gene/cytokine/chemokine expression in human partial liver grafts utilizing cDNA microarrays on liver biopsies obtained after reperfusion, in both cadaveric and living donor partial grafts.

    Basic Biliary Atresia Research

  • Regulation of interleukin-1beta-induced chemokine production and matrix metalloproteinase 2 activation by epigallocatechin-3-gallate in rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts.

    The Autoimmune Epidemic

  • Stem Cell Transplants Squashed HIV and Leukemia yahooBuzzArticleHeadline = 'Stem Cell Transplants Squashed HIV and Leukemia'; yahooBuzzArticleSummary = 'Article: Stem Cells that lacked the expression of chemokine receptor 5 and were transplanted into a patient with acute myeloid leukemia and HIV have produced a remission of the leukemia and reduced the HIV viral load to undetectable levels.'

    Stem Cell Transplants Squashed HIV and Leukemia

  • Infection with HIV type 1 requires the presence of a CD4 receptor and either CCR5 or, less commonly, the CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR4).

    Stem Cell Transplants Squashed HIV and Leukemia

  • The stem cells came from bone marrow in a human leukocyte antigen-compatible donor chosen because his cells lacked expression of chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5).

    Stem Cell Transplants Squashed HIV and Leukemia

  • The Duffy protein: a malarial and chemokine receptor.

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  • They have found that human cells exposed to it release large amounts of cytokine and chemokine, inflammatories linked to asthma attacks.

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