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- noun Plural form of
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The Vandals and the Alani he arranged in companies, appointing over them no less than eighty captains, whom he called "chiliarchs,"  making it appear that his host of fighting men in active service amounted to eighty thousand.
The authorities for whom the carnifex acts, the chiliarchs or archons (if I may be permitted to prolong my figure of speech), will have little complaint if the condemned is prevented from escaping, or much inflaming the mob; and if he is undeniably dead at the conclusion of the proceedings.
The Shadow of the Torturer Wolfe, Gene 1980
And on the side of the Vandals, either wing was held by the chiliarchs, and each one led the division under him, while in the centre was Tzazon, the brother of
[6: 21] And on a convenient day, when Herod made a supper in honor of his birthday, for his great men, and the chiliarchs, and the first men of Galilee, [6: 22] the daughter of this Herodias came in and danced, and pleased Herod, and those that reclined with him.
[6: 15] And the kings of the earth and the great men and the chiliarchs and the rich and the mighty and every servant and freeman hid themselves in caves and in the rocks of the mountains, [6: 16] and said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb, [6: 17] for the great day of his wrath has come, and who can stand?
_chiliarchs_, or commanders of thousands, the fallacious increase of old men, of children, and of slaves, would scarcely have swelled his army to the number of four-score thousand persons.
History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire — Volume 3 Edward Gibbon 1765
6 [25: 23] On the next day, therefore, Agrippa and Bernice coming with great pomp, and entering into the place of hearing with chiliarchs and men of distinction in the city, at the command of Festus Paul was brought.
4 [19: 17] And I saw an angel standing on the sun, and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in mid-heaven, Come, assemble yourselves to the great supper of God, [19: 18] that you may eat the flesh of kings and the flesh of chiliarchs and the flesh of mighty