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  • noun Plural form of culm.


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  • The stems, or 'culms', can range in height from a few centimetres to 40 metres, with stem diameters ranging from 1 mm to 30 cm.


  • In the fall, nutrients are shunted from the leaves and culms down to the rhizosphere for winter storage.

    Phragmites australis - cryptic invasion of the Common Reed in North America

  • The jointed stems (culms) are round or flattened (never triangular); they are usually hollow except at the nodes (points on the stem from which leaves arise), where they are solid.


  • Slender subalpine bamboos (Fargesia spp.) and ferns (Dryopteris spp.) may flourish in the understory, with mosses and lichen on the leaves and culms of the bamboo and a deep, slowly decomposing litter layer rich with fungi.

    Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests

  • The poles (or “culms,” in botanical nomenclature) are 30 feet tall and about two inches in diameter, with walls a quarter of an inch thick.

    Waiting for the Plague

  • One fledge, one brood till hulm culms evurdyburdy.

    Finnegans Wake

  • Analysis of bamboo preferences in a pair of captive giant pandas Ailuropoda melanoleuca L. R. Tarou et. al. observed The fact that arrow was the preferred species was not surprising given that it had the largest leaves and shortest/smallest culms of species offered.

    Prof. Steve Steve Costume Contest - The Panda's Thumb

  • Select suitable culms one year in advance and mark them.

    4.1 Nursery establishment

  • You can take cuttings from culms whose buds are completely dormant or with undeveloped central branches.

    4.1 Nursery establishment

  • If such culms are not available you can use third-year culms.

    4.1 Nursery establishment


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