from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Alternative spelling of icon.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. An image or effigy; -- used rather in an abstract sense, and rarely for a work of art.
- n. an ikon.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A likeness; an image; an effigy; particularly, one of the “holy images” of the Eastern Church. Also written icon.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The Greek word eikon meant a likeness, image, or picture.
However, the identical collocation can be found in Gregory Nazianzen's 38th Oration (13), complete with the adjective aparallaktos attached to eikon, as in Antioch 341; eikon and sphragis also appear together in his Third Theological Oration (17), with reference to Jn 6.27 as a biblical justification ( 'On him has God the Father set his seal').
Moving on, it is again striking that Basil's use of eikon, 'image', is parallelled in the same family of texts.
The absence in AC of eikon language is a little puzzling, but may reflect caution about one of two possible dangers from the probable theological standpoint of the compiler – either the risk of a contrast between the unknowable Father and the knowable Logos (Arius's theology) or that of a robust claim that the 'content' of image and prototype must be identical (Athanasian theology).
And, although the use of 'seal' is not common in speaking of the Logos, Gregory Nazianzen's use of the sphragis metaphor in proximity to eikon language tends to reinforce the conclusion that this is not just an idiosyncracy of Basil's.
As it is not called an eikon, it did not represent a god, but a human being.
It originates with the Greek eikon, meaning image.
The meaning of concepts like that of image (eikon) and of the corresponding Latin con - cept (imago) as well as of figura varied greatly; in general it evolved from that of substitution to that of representation (Auerbach, 1959; Bauch, 1967).
He drew near to Moscow, where the famous eikon of the Virgin was taken in solemn procession, when the
"Why did you bring out the holy eikon?" asked the czar.