Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A short, broad sword with a convex cutting edge and a sharp point, used in medieval times.
  • n. Archaic A sword.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A broad-bladed sword, slightly curved, shorter and lighter than the ordinary sword; -- used in the Middle Ages.
  • n. A name given generally and poetically to a sword, especially to the swords of Oriental and fabled warriors.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A short, broad sword having a convex edge curving sharply to the point; loosely, as in poetry, any sword.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a short broad slightly convex medieval sword with a sharp point

Etymologies

Middle English fauchoun, from Old French fauchon, from Vulgar Latin *falciō, falciōn-, from Latin falx, falc-, sickle.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English fauchoun, from Old French fauchon (cognate with Italian falcione), from Vulgar Latin *falciōnem, from Latin falx (stem: falc-, “sickle”). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The blacksmith made it into a blade three feet long by two spans broad, a kind of falchion or chopper, cased it with gold and called it Dhámi (the "Trenchant") from its sharpness.

    Arabian nights. English

  • a kind of falchion or chopper, cased it with gold and called it

    The Book of The Thousand Nights And A Night

  • We decided it would be cool to test a sword I had (a falchion, actually), so we heaved the fish onto the front yard and with a ear piercing Kiai I bisected the fish with the sword.

    Fried Carp, Anyone?

  • The pigs dined well that night and I can say that while I have yet to catch one on rod and reel in the water, I have "hunted" one on land with a falchion!

    Fried Carp, Anyone?

  • His +3 Keen Longsword and +2 frost shortsword are as expensive as a single +5 weapon (for example a +1 holy shocking greatsword of wounding or a +1 keen falchion of speed).

    Pathfinder Fighter vs. Ice Devil? « Geek Related

  • He turned his face away from the hideous stench and saw his falchion leaning on the hearth, just out of reach…

    Mini-interview: Nicholas Ian Hawkins |

  • A long, broad, straight-shaped, double-edged falchion, with a handle formed like a cross, corresponded with a stout poniard on the other side.

    The Talisman

  • Towards the middle of the plain, there lay the bodies of several men who had fallen in the very act of grappling with the enemy; and there were seen countenances which still bore the stern expression of unextinguishable hate and defiance, hands which clasped the hilt of the broken falchion, or strove in vain to pluck the deadly arrow from the wound.

    The Monastery

  • Scotland — combed his long curled hair — disposed his chain and medal round a beaver hat of the newest block; and with the gay falchion which had reached him in so mysterious a manner, hung by his side in an embroidered belt, his apparel, added to his natural frank mien and handsome figure, formed a most commendable and pleasing specimen of the young gallant of the period.

    The Abbot

  • In the same manner, he proved satisfactorily, that the word sword comprehended all descriptions, whether backsword or basket-hilt, cut-and-thrust or rapier, falchion, or scimitar.

    The Abbot

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