from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A gage for measuring needles. See gage.


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  • "Filiere." Miss F. Frances Lambert. The Hand-book of Needlework. New York: Wiley & Putnam, 1842.

    Miss Lambert describes the filiere, or gauge, "as a steel instrument with graduated notches round its edges, distinguished by different figures. It is used by wire-drawers for ascertaining the sizes of their wires, and is applied in a similar manner, for measuring the diameters of netting and knitting needles; thus -- when speaking of the relative size of these needles, they are frequently designated by their corresponding numbers; but, as has been before observed, there appears to be no universal standard."

    -- (c&p)

    November 14, 2007