from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Anatomy A slender cordlike strand or band, especially:
- n. Anatomy A bundle of nerve fibers in a nerve trunk.
- n. Anatomy One of three major divisions of white matter in the spinal cord, consisting of fasciculi.
- n. Anatomy The umbilical cord.
- n. Botany A stalk connecting an ovule or a seed with the placenta.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any of several cordlike structures, especially the umbilical cord, or a bundle of nerve fibres in the spinal cord
- n. A stalk that connects the seed (or ovule) with the placenta
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A cord, baud, or bundle of fibers; esp., one of the small bundles of fibers, of which large nerves are made up; applied also to different bands of white matter in the brain and spinal cord.
- n. A short cord which connects the embryo of some myriapods with the amnion.
- n. In Bryozoa, an organ extending back from the stomach. See Bryozoa, and Phylactolema.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A small rope or cord.
- n. In early German land-law, a cord or slender rope with which land was measured.
- n. In old physics, a self-contracting ether, assumed by some of those who rejected the doctrine of the elasticity of the air.
- n. In botany, same as funicle, 4.
- n. In anat.: The navel-string or umbilical cord, connecting the fetus with the placenta, and so with the parent. Also funis and funicle.
- n. One of the smaller bundles of a nerve which are inclosed in a special sheath of neurilemma or perineurium. See nerve.
- n. In Polyzoa, the gastroparietal band or ligament connecting the alimentary eanal with the wall of the endocyst. See cut under Plumatella.
- n. In Myriapoda, a cord connecting the anal end of the embryo with the so-called amnion.
- n. In entomology, that part of the flagellum of the antenna which is between the pedicel and the club; the funicle: used especially of hymenopterous insects. Also funicule.
- n. In Protozoa, specifically, the filament or slender thread which connects the several nodules of a compound endoplast, as the component nuclear masses in such infusorians as Loxodes and Loxophyllum. Saville Kent.
- n. Same as Funiculina
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the stalk of a plant ovule or seed
- n. any of several body structure resembling a cord
Linus suggested that Nature, abhorring a vacuum, caused the tube or finger to give off an invisible entity which he called funiculus, being Latin for 'little rope', which closed up the space and prevented a vacuum.
A small bundle of fibers, enclosed in a tubular sheath, is called a funiculus; if the nerve is of small size, it may consist only of a single funiculus; but if large, the funiculi are collected together into larger bundles or fasciculi, which are bound together in a common membranous investment.
Hic est funiculus triplex qui difficilè rumpitur, quem nobis a patria nostra in hunc carcerem usque dimissum firmiter, obsecro, teneamus: ut ipse nos sublevet, ipse nos trahat et pertrahat usque ad conspectum gloriæ magni Dei: qui est benedictus in sæcula.
Hic est funiculus triplex qui difficilè rumpitur, quem nobis a patria nostra in hunc carcerem usque dimissum firmiter, obsecro, teneamus: ut ipse nos sublevet, ipse nos trahat et pertrahat usque ad conspectum gloriæ magni
The latter observer considers that the funiculus, with the integuments, is the equivalent of a leaflet, the petiolule or midrib of which answers to the funiculus, and its hollow expansion to the integument.
Brongniart  records ovules of _Delphinium elatum_ existing in the form of marginal lobes of the carpellary leaf itself; so that each ovule corresponds to a lobe or large tooth of this leaf, the funiculus, as well as the raphe, being formed by the median nerve of the lateral lobe.
From this instance it may be assumed that the hilum may only be defined correctly as the spot of union between the body of the seed and the funiculus.
We find now that the ovule is attached to a stalk (funiculus) (Fig. 81, _G_, _f_), the body of the ovule being bent up so as to lie against the stalk.
When ripe, each half falls away, leaving the seeds attached by delicate stalks (funiculi, sing. funiculus) to the edges of the membranous partition.
The spinal part arises from lateral cell groups in the anterior column near its dorso-lateral margin in the upper five or six segments of the cord, its roots pass through the lateral funiculus to the lateral surface of the cord.