from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The study of the earth and its features and of the distribution of life on the earth, including human life and the effects of human activity.
  • n. The physical characteristics, especially the surface features, of an area.
  • n. A book on geography.
  • n. An ordered arrangement of constituent elements: charting a geography of the mind.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The study of the physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth.
  • n. The physical structure of a particular region; terrain.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The science which treats of the world and its inhabitants; a description of the earth, or a portion of the earth, including its structure, features, products, political divisions, and the people by whom it is inhabited. It also includes the responses and adaptations of people to topography, climate, soil and vegetation.
  • n. A treatise on this science.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The science of the description of the earth's surface in its present condition, and of the distribution upon it of its various products and animals, especially of mankind, etc. See phrases below.
  • n. A book containing a description of the earth or of a portion of it; particularly, a school-book for teaching the science of geography.
  • n. The main features of a locality as regards its geographical position and general character; the knowledge derived from geographical research.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. study of the earth's surface; includes people's responses to topography and climate and soil and vegetation


Latin geōgraphia, from Greek geōgraphiā : geō-, geo- + -graphiā, -graphy.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Via Latin and French, from Ancient Greek γεωγραφία (geographia), from γῆ (gē, "earth") + γράφω ("write"). (Wiktionary)



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