Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A soft, steel-gray to black, hexagonally crystallized allotrope of carbon with a metallic luster and a greasy feel, used in lead pencils, lubricants, paints, and coatings, that is fabricated into a variety of forms such as molds, bricks, electrodes, crucibles, and rocket nozzles. Also called black lead, plumbago.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An allotrope of carbon consisting of planes of carbon atoms arranged in hexagonal arrays with the planes stacked loosely that is used as a dry lubricant and in "lead" pencils.
  • n. Short for graphite-reinforced plastic, a composite plastic made with graphite fibers noted for light weight strength and stiffness.
  • n. A grey colour.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Native carbon in hexagonal crystals, also foliated or granular massive, of black color and metallic luster, and so soft as to leave a trace on paper. It is used for pencils (improperly called lead pencils), for crucibles, and as a lubricator, etc. Often called plumbago or black lead.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. One of the forms under which carbon occurs in nature (see carbon), also known as plumbago and black-lead.
  • n. Same as graffito. See the extract.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. used as a lubricant and as a moderator in nuclear reactors

Etymologies

Greek graphein, to write; see gerbh- in Indo-European roots + -ite1.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From German Graphit (A.G. Werner 1789), from Ancient Greek γράφω (graphō, "I write"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Liquid graphite is black, slick and somewhat messy, and will require a good cleaning prior to using the rifle.

    Rifles of Interest, Vol. 1

  • Less graphite is required in creating the rod blanks, which, according to Whiting, "have the performance of graphite and the durability of fiberglass."

    John Merwin's 2007 ICAST Picks

  • One of the benefits of using graphite is that it keeps the silver from oxidizing, so bullets come out bright and shiny.

    Boing Boing: June 19, 2005 - June 25, 2005 Archives

  • While there was always enough money to buy the latest in graphite and Gore-Tex, our wives shopped at discount stores and clad our little ones in hand-me-downs; our oldest kids relied on part-time jobs and student loans to stay in college.

    Time on the Water

  • The carbon balls are formed when graphite is evaporated in an inert atmosphere.

    The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1996

  • Some of the more interesting investigations were conducted on layered compounds, especially on radiation damage in graphite and alkalimetal graphites.

    K. Alex Müller - Autobiography

  • The update is designed for older AirPort Base Stations - the original "graphite" - colored model and its white successor, with dual Ethernet ports.

    Macworld

  • Some of his famous works include: The School of Athens (fresco) 1511-1512, Christ Supported by Two Angels (1490 – yes, when he was seven!), a self-portrait in graphite (unknown), Coronation of the Virgin (1502-03), and Saint George and the Dragon (unknown).

    Five People Born on April 6 | myFiveBest

  • The problem was that graphite is light, and strong, and very slippery, and none of the scope’s little innards would stay anchored, and so it came unglued with the first shot.

    Why Everyone Hates Gun Writers

  • CHARLES: They put Scotch tape down on a block of graphite, which is pure carbon.

    Geim, Novoselov Win Nobel Prize In Physics

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