Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A heavily-armed infantry soldier of Ancient Greece.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A heavy-armed infantry soldier.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In Greek antiquity, a heavy-armed foot-soldier, armed with helmet, cuirass or thorax, and greaves, and bearing a large shield, and, as weapons, a sword, one or more spears or javelins, and sometimes a battle-ax.

Etymologies

Greek hoplītēs, from hoplon, armor.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek ὁπλίτης (hoplitēs, "heavily armed foot-soldier"), from ὅπλον (hoplon, "arms, armor, weapon") (English hopl-). Compare Latin hoplomachus ("gladiator"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The fine amounted to two thousand minae,53 being two minae54 for each hoplite, which is the penalty imposed by the law.

    The History of the Peloponnesian War

  • A hoplite is a heavily armed infantry man; see the Glossary or Appendix F, Land Warfare, ©2.

    THE LANDMARK THUCYDIDES

  • Each hoplite was a proud citizen who could afford to equip himself with a bronze helmet, a thick breastplate, greaves to protect the legs, and an iron-tipped spear eight to ten feet long used for thrusting, not throwing.

    Alexander the Great

  • When a hoplite line advanced shoulder to shoulder against the enemy, it was a wall of death.

    Alexander the Great

  • As each hoplite was unshielded on his right side, he relied on the man next to him for protection, encouraging by necessity a strong sense of unity in battle.

    Alexander the Great

  • Standard hoplite spears were eight to ten feet in length, but the sarissa was almost eighteen feet long.

    Alexander the Great

  • The Thebans had perfected the art of hoplite warfare.

    Alexander the Great

  • Greaves, protection for the lower leg, were very common in the ancient world, being part of the standard hoplite panoply.

    The Spear « Isegoria

  • Mr. Krentz contends that the average Athenian hoplite was carrying — rather than the standard estimate of 70 pounds or so — as little as 30 pounds of battle gear and even so would have jog-trotted, not run, that miracle mile.

    A Battle of Long-Running Interest

  • The Spartans, the ace hoplite fighters of the Greek world, responded positively to the Athenians 'desperate last-minute request for aid, but in their own time.

    A Battle of Long-Running Interest

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