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  • noun Plural form of hypercycle.


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  • Eigen had argued that cooperation might be possible if hypercycles were packaged in cells.


  • If we assume that cells with the most successfully replicating—and thus cooperating—hypercycles divide most rapidly, then these cells would thrive relative to those that had hypercycles that are being challenged with cheats.


  • In the RNA world, all these jobs were done by RNA, but one can extend the hypercycle idea to cover a rainbow of possibilities—RNA hypercycles, DNA-protein hypercycles, cycles turning within other cycles—but all of them share the same mathematical properties.


  • Maynard Smith made another great contribution when he warned that hypercycles, altruistic networks of molecular replicators, might have a major problem.


  • The presence of cheats that can exploit the hyper-cycle and divert its resources reminds us that though hypercycles solve the error problem, we now have to solve a deeper problem: How do these complex, interdependent communities evolve?


  • By evoking a higher level of selection, acting between cells, hypercycles can shrug off parasites.


  • It can be shown by a nonlinear game model, incorporating mutation of a hypercycle, that the selection properties of hypercycles make them inefficient information integrators as they cannot compete favourably with all kinds of less efficient information carriers or mutationally coupled hypercycles.

    A Modest Proposal (By a Somewhat Modest Engineer)


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