from The Century Dictionary.
- noun A syrupy liquid with a bituminous odor and taste, prepared by the dry distillation of a bituminous mineral containing fossil fishes. It has been used externally in the treatment of various skin-diseases.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun (Chem.) An oily substance prepared by the dry distillation of a bituminous mineral containing fossil fishes. It is used in medicine as a remedy in some forms of skin diseases.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun medicine The
ammoniumsalt of bitumen sulfonate; used to treat some forms of skin diseases
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
P.G. UNNA, of Hamburg, has lately been experimenting on the dermato therapeutic uses of a substance called ichthyol, obtained by Herr
In 1919, the production of ichthyol for medical use, from the bituminous beds uncovered valuable fossils, and since 1924, especially under the direction of of Dr.B. Peyer from the University of Zurich, there have been more than 50 excavation campaigns at some 20 sites.
Now, in treatment of mumps, you order an ichthyol salve poultice on the swollener part of the jaw, continusously.
Allow this to almost dry, and then sprinkle on talcum powder which smooths over the dry varnish of ichthyol.
Over ordinary sulphur preparations it has this advantage, that the sulphur is in very intimate and stable union, so that ichthyol can be united with lead and mercury preparations without decomposition.
Early in their first appearance they may be treated with spirits of camphor or plain alcohol, which sometimes tends to abort them; but they usually run their course, and when they are fully developed they may be treated with zinc oxide, simple borated vaseline, or ichthyol.
An ointment containing twenty-five per cent of ichthyol is also a useful application.
For moist eczema weaker preparations (20 to 30 per cent. decreased to 10 per cent.) must be used than for the papular condition (50 per cent. reduced to 20 per cent.), and the hand, for example, will require a stronger application than the face, and children a weaker one than adults; but ichthyol may be used in any strength from a 5 per cent. to a 40 to 50 per cent. application or undiluted.
Perhaps one of the most widely used is the early varnishing of the affected skin with ichthyol (one part ichthyol, one part distilled water), which is swabbed on after the skin has been cleansed with olive oil.
The alliaceous odors, with the cacodylic group (asafoetida, ichthyol, etc.).