from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Law Of, relating to, or proper to courts of law or to the administration of justice: the judicial system.
  • adj. Law Decreed by or proceeding from a court of justice: a judicial decision.
  • adj. Law Belonging or appropriate to the office of a judge: in judicial robes.
  • adj. Characterized by or expressing judgment: the judicial function of a literary critic.
  • adj. Proceeding from a divine judgment.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Of or relating to a court of law, or to the administration of justice.
  • n. That branch of government which is responsible for maintaining the courts of law and for the administration of justice.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Pertaining or appropriate to courts of justice, or to a judge; practiced or conformed to in the administration of justice; sanctioned or ordered by a court
  • adj. Fitted or apt for judging or deciding.
  • adj. Belonging to the judiciary, as distinguished from legislative, administrative, or executive. See Executive.
  • adj. Judicious.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Of or pertaining to a judge; proper to the character of a judge; judge-like; hence, critical; discriminating; impartial; formerly, judicious.
  • Pertaining to the administration of justice; proper to a court of law; consisting of or resulting from legal inquiry or judgment: as, judicial power or proceedings; a judicial decision, writ, sale, or punishment.
  • Enacted by statute, or established by constituted authority.
  • Determinative; giving judgment; deciding, as about a point in contest or about future events: as, judicial astrology.
  • Having the nature of a judgment or punishment.
  • An act of any public officer involving the exercise of his Judgment or discretion on a question affecting the right of any party. Thus, the act of the fiscal officer of a municipality in auditing a claim is usually judicial, but his paying a lawful warrant or order for payment is ministerial. (See ministerial.) A judicial act implies deliberation, and therefore, if to be done by several jointly, those who are to do it must be together (or under modern statutes a majority after notice to all); while a ministerial act may ordinarily, unless otherwise required by law, be the concurrent act of each separately.
  • The power conferred upon and exercised by the judiciary or a court as such.
  • A power conferred upon a public officer involving the exercise of judgment and discretion in the determination of questions of right in specific cases affecting the interests of persons or property, as distinguished from ministerial power, or authority to carry out the mandates of judicial power or of the law.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. expressing careful judgment
  • adj. decreed by or proceeding from a court of justice
  • adj. relating to the administration of justice or the function of a judge
  • adj. belonging or appropriate to the office of a judge


Middle English, from Anglo-Norman, from Latin iūdiciālis, from iūdicium, judgment, from iūdex, iūdic-, judge; see deik- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin iūdiciālis. (Wiktionary)



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