Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A generally southerly hot wind from the Sahara that blows across Egypt from late March to early May.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A hot wind in Egypt which blows (for about 50 days) from the desert, bringing with it sand.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Same as kamsin.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A hot southeast wind that blows regularly in Egypt for about fifty days, commencing about the middle of March.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an oppressively hot southerly wind from the Sahara that blows across Egypt in the spring

Etymologies

Arabic (rīḥ al-)ḫamsīn, (wind of the) 50 (days), khamsin, from oblique case of ḫamsūn, fifty, from ḫams, five; see ḫmš in Semitic roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Egyptian Arabic خمسين (khamsīn, "fifty"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The British used the Arabic word "khamsin" which means "wind of 50 days."

    HIATUS WEEK, Part One

  • Natural hazards: periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms, sandstorms

    Egypt

  • Egypt is susceptible to periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms, and sandstorms.

    Egypt

  • Strong spring winds, known as the khamsin, have roared in on schedule, sending the pollution - which contains deadly sulfur dioxide, as well as traces of poisonous metals such as arsenic, lead and copper - swirling across the Middle East.

    Hellfighters To The Rescue

  • Egyptperiodic droughts; frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms, sandstorms

    Natural hazards

  • Natural hazards: periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides, volcanic activity; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms, sandstorms

    The 2000 CIA World Factbook

  • Egypt: periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides, volcanic activity; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms, sandstorms

    The 2001 CIA World Factbook

  • Egypt periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms, sandstorms

    The 2005 CIA World Factbook

  • Environment: current issues: agricultural land being lost to urbanization and windblown sands; increasing soil salinization below Aswan High Dam; desertification; oil pollution threatening coral reefs, beaches, and marine habitats; other water pollution from agricultural pesticides, untreated sewage, and industrial effluents; water scarcity away from the Nile which is the only perennial water source; rapid growth in population overstraining natural resources natural hazards: periods of drought; subject to frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring international agreements: party to - Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous

    The 1994 CIA World Factbook

  • In spring and autumn, the hot and dusty "khamsin" wind, blowing from the east and southeast, may cause temperatures to rise as high as 43-49 degrees C. Vegetation is reflective of the Mesopotamian province of the Irano-Turanian region.

    Middle East steppe

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