from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Abnormal rearward curvature of the spine, resulting in protuberance of the upper back; hunchback.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. An abnormal curvature of the spine, causing a hunchback.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In pathology, a curvature of the spine, convex backward. Also written cyphosis.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an abnormal backward curve to the vertebral column
This, in turn, leads to a flexed section of spine and a pronounced "kyphosis" - a curve in the lower back - creating the hunched posture that you have noticed.
The first of these curvatures is called kyphosis, in which the curvature is posterior; second, lordosis, in which the curvature is anterior; third, scoliosis, in which it is lateral, to the right or left.
If anyone in your family had osteoporosis (including your mother, father and sisters), or broke a bone when they were over 50 following a trivial injury, or had a kyphosis (a hump on the upper back), then your risk rises.
Scoliosis, kyphosis, tumors, back pain, spondylolysis | The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
It was just a kyphosis, of course, with a patch of teratoma that had two fingers, four teeth, and a thick loop of lower intestine.
Chronic use of heels can result -- and usually does -- in some degree of kyphosis-lordosis and related pains in the lower back and mid-upper back.
In cases of kyphosis it is a mistake to try to straighten the spine.
Paré gives a case of reversion, and of crooked hands and feet; and Barlow 11.54 speaks of a child of two and three-quarter years with kyphosis, but mobility of the lumbar region, which walked on its elbows and knees.
The circumference of the trunk at the nipples was 62 inches, and over the most prominent portion of the kyphosis and pigeon-breast, 74 inches.
Pare gives a case of reversion, and of crooked hands and feet; and Barlow speaks of a child of two and three-quarter years with kyphosis, but mobility of the lumbar region, which walked on its elbows and knees.