from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A Muslim scholar who interprets the shari'a.
  • n. Civilian dress, especially when worn by one who normally wears a uniform.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. (Islam) A Muslim scholar and interpreter of shari’a law, who can deliver a fatwa
  • n. (UK, New Zealand) Civilian dress when worn by a member of the military, or casual dress when worn by a pupil of a school who normally would wear uniform

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. An official expounder of Mohammedan law.
  • n. One of the chief legal advisers to the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
  • n. Ordinary civilian dress when worn by persons who serve in a uniformed service, such as the military or police. It originally was used in reference to British naval or military officers, and originated with the British service in India.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A Mohammedan law-officer whose duty it was to expound the law which the kadi was to execute.
  • n. In India, citizen's dress worn by officers when off duty: now commonly used in this sense in the British army.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a jurist who interprets Muslim religious law
  • n. civilian dress worn by a person who is entitled to wear a military uniform


Arabic muftī, one who gives legal opinions, active participle of 'aftā, to decide by legal opinion; see ptw in Semitic roots.
Probably from mufti1.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Arabic المفتي (al-múftī ) (definite form). (Wiktionary)



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