from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Of or being a verb tense used to express action completed before a specified or implied past time.
  • adj. More than perfect; supremely accomplished; ideal: "He has won a reputation as [a] pluperfect bureaucrat” ( New York Times).
  • n. The pluperfect tense, formed in English with the past participle of a verb and the auxiliary had, as had learned in the sentence He had learned to type by the end of the semester. Also called past perfect.
  • n. A verb or form in the pluperfect tense.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. More than perfect
  • adj. Pertaining to action completed before or at the same time as another
  • n. The pluperfect tense
  • n. A verb in this tense

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. More than perfect; past perfect; -- said of the tense which denotes that an action or event was completed at or before the time of another past action or event.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Noting the time, or the expression of time, of an action occurring prior to another specified time: as, the pluperfect tense.
  • n. In grammar, the pluperfect tense of a verb, or an equivalent verb-phrase: for example, Latin amaveram, English ‘I had loved.’
  • In music, augmented: said of intervals.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. more than perfect
  • n. a perfective tense used to express action completed in the past


Middle English pluperfyth, alteration of Latin plūs quam perfectum, more than perfect : plūs, more; + quam, than + perfectum, neuter past participle of perficere, to complete; see perfect.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin plus ("more") + perfectus ("complete, perfected") (Wiktionary)



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