Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A governor of a province in ancient Persia.
  • n. A ruler.
  • n. A subordinate bureaucrat or official: "The satraps of Capitol Hill will not sit idly by” ( David Nyhan).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A governor of a Persian province.
  • n. A petty ruler.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The governor of a province in ancient Persia; hence, a petty autocrat despot.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A governor of a province under the ancient Persian monarchy; hence, a viceroy or petty prince acting under an autocratic superior; figuratively, a despotic official under a tyrant.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a governor of a province in ancient Persia

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English satrape, from Old French, from Latin satrapēs, from Greek, from Old Persian khshathrapāvā, protector of the province : khshathra-, realm, province + pāvā, protector; see pā- in Indo-European roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English satrape, from Latin satrapēs, from Ancient Greek σατράπης (satrápēs), from Old Persian 𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎱𐎠𐎺𐎠 (xšaçapāvā, "protector of the province"), from 𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎶 (xšaça-, "realm, province") and *pāvā ("protector"), from verbal root √pā ("to protect").

Examples

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